IGT

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At the base of the Italian wine certification system, in what we can imagine as a qualitative pyramid, there are wines with a typical geographical indication, that is IGTs. Essentially, these are wines produced in generally large areas, which in any case follow the requirements specified by the law. Since 2010, along the lines of what happened to the DOCG and DOC brands, merged into the PDO denomination, the IGT classification has been included in the community PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) category.

The wines that are part of the IGT must be produced in certain regions or geographical areas, identified by a specification and recognized by law, which the companies are obliged to respect: thus, on the label, in addition to the indication of the color, it is allowed also indicate the grape used (or the vines used) and the year of harvesting the grapes. In some specific areas, the IGT mark can be replaced by the mention “Vin de pays” (in French and Valle d’Aosta wines) or by mentioning Landwein (German wines and products in the autonomous province of Bolzano). It can also happen that a wine is among the IGTs for reasons of opportunity or commercial: they are IGTs, for example, the Super Tuscan, but the same applies to all those wines, produced in the territories of the Doc or DOCG with vines or methods other than those admitted by the denominations. The disciplinaries, of course, are less restrictive than those of the Denominations, so much so that, for example, the origins of the grapes must be from the territory indicated by the IGT for only 85%.

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