Generally, going back to the origins of a vine is rather difficult. With this in mind, recalling those of Vermentino means descending into particularly thick mists. Not even the greatest scholars of enology have managed to shed light on its origins, which many date back to Spain, from which it would later arrive in Sardinia via Corsica. Indeed, others claim that the white grape variety has gone the other way. Certainly, in the “Bollettino Ampelografico” of the varieties cultivated in Sardinia in 1877, the Vermentino was not featured. And yet, of the more than 4,000 hectares of Vermentino cultivated in Italy, on the Sardinian island, a good 3,300 are planted, and it is here that we find the only DOCG based on Vermentino in Italy, Vermentino di Gallura. Tuscany, however, is the second land of choice for the popular white grape variety, with 544 hectares.
It is sure that Vermentino gives its best on poor soils, especially near the sea, thanks to its great tolerance to sea salt, kissed by the sun. It is also interesting to note that it is a variety allowed in DOC wines of absolute prestige, such as Bolgheri, but Vermentino, often and under the IGT’s hat, can be found in most Central and Southern Italy regions, as well as in Liguria, from Sardinia to Tuscany, but also Umbria, Marche, Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Puglia and Sicily. The organoleptic features of the vine, which make it particularly distinctive, “speak” of white flowers, fruity notes and a natural sapidity, the daughter of the influences of the Tyrrhenian Sea.